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  1. From Christel to Christina, from Klaus to Nico : a diachronic study of German first names (1945-2010) and their shift towards the syllable language type
    Published: 04.09.2018

    German underwent a typological change from a syllable language in Old High German towards a word language today (Szczepaniak 2007). Proper names followed this development until the last century (cf. Christel, Gertrud, Klaus, Wolfgang). Some of the... more

     

    German underwent a typological change from a syllable language in Old High German towards a word language today (Szczepaniak 2007). Proper names followed this development until the last century (cf. Christel, Gertrud, Klaus, Wolfgang). Some of the most popular German first names from 2010, however, such as Mia, Lea, Leon, Noah, show completely different structures compared to common nouns. In sharp contrast to common nouns, first names dispose of CV-structures, full vowels in unstressed syllables and different accent positions. Thus, there must have been a deep-rooted onomastic change. The most frequent baby names of 1945 were still in harmony with the usual word structures. This article shows that the decrease of transgenerational transmission of first names led to a departure fom native phonological structures. The following factors are analyzed: the number of syllables; accent position; and the number of consonant clusters, hiatuses, schwa and unstressed full vowels. It will be demonstrated that the phonological distance between first names (particularly female names) and common nouns has increased over time and that there is an increasing tendency for names to contain syllable language structures. Thus, a typological difference developed between these two nominal classes. The reason behind this change can be found in the individualizing function of proper names and social individualization over time.

     

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    Source: CompaRe
    Language: English
    Media type: Part of a book
    Format: Online
    DDC Categories: 410; 830
    Subjects: Vorname; Namengebung; Sprachwandel; Silbe; Phonologie
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    Veröffentlichungsvertrag für Publikationen

  2. Der Schauinsland – die Mobiliar - das Turm : das referentielle Genus bei Eigennamen und seine Genese
    Published: 05.09.2018

    Das Genus von Eigennamen verhält sich grundlegend anders als das von Appellativen. Im Zuge der Proprialisierung legen Eigennamen ihr appellativisch ererbtes Genus ab und entwickeln nach und nach ein eigenes, referentiell zugewiesenes Genus, das fest... more

     

    Das Genus von Eigennamen verhält sich grundlegend anders als das von Appellativen. Im Zuge der Proprialisierung legen Eigennamen ihr appellativisch ererbtes Genus ab und entwickeln nach und nach ein eigenes, referentiell zugewiesenes Genus, das fest mit einer bestimmten Objektklasse verbunden ist (sieh die Kaiser Wilhelm als Schiff, das Kaiser Wilhelm als Hotel). Damit leisten die onymischen Genera einen echten Beitrag zur Klassifikation und bilden einen Fall von Degrammatikalisierung. Dieser Artikel untersucht die Entstehung und Festigung onymischer Genera am Beispiel von Namen für Flüsse, Berge, Restaurants und Hotels, Versicherungen, Banken, Fluggesellschaften, Autos, Motorräder und Konzerne und stellt das Prinzip eines onymischen Ikonismus auf. The gender of proper names behaves completely differently from the gender of common nouns. During the proprialisation process, proper names drop their inherited common noun gender and gradually develop their own gender which is referentially assigned and closely connected to a specific class of objects, cf. die (feminine) Kaiser Wilhelm for a ship, das (neuter) Kaiser Wilhelm for a hotel. Thus, the gender of proper names contributes significantly to the classification of objects and constitutes a case of degrammaticalisation. This article investigates the emergence and consolidation of onomastic genders using the example of names of rivers, mountains, restaurants and hotels, assurances, banks, airlines, cars, motorcycles and companies. In addition, a principle of onymic iconism is established.

     

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    Source: CompaRe
    Language: German
    Media type: Article
    Format: Online
    DDC Categories: 410; 830
    Subjects: Namenkunde; Genus; Grammatikalisation; Sprachwandel
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    Veröffentlichungsvertrag für Publikationen

  3. Pandaemonium Germanicum 26/2015
    Author:
    Published: 06.09.2018

    Die Zeitschrift Pandaemonium Germanicum erscheint zweimal jährlich und versteht sich als Forum für die wissenschaftliche Diskussion in den verschiedenen Bereichen der internationalen Germanistik, nämlich der Literatur- und Übersetzungswissenschaft,... more

     

    Die Zeitschrift Pandaemonium Germanicum erscheint zweimal jährlich und versteht sich als Forum für die wissenschaftliche Diskussion in den verschiedenen Bereichen der internationalen Germanistik, nämlich der Literatur- und Übersetzungswissenschaft, Linguistik, DaF und Kulturstudien. Die Zeitschrift wird von der deutschen Abteilung der FFLCH-USP (Universität São Paulo) seit 1997 herausgegeben und will zur Verbreitung unveröffentlichter Forschungen von GermanistInnen aus Brasilien und anderen Ländern, sowie zur Förderung des Dialogs zwischen der Germanistik und anderen Wissensbereichen beitragen.

     

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    Source: CompaRe
    Language: Portuguese
    Media type: Part of a periodical
    Format: Online
    DDC Categories: 830
    Subjects: Deutsch; Kulturwissenschaften; Linguistik; Literaturwissenschaft; Übersetzungswissenschaft
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    Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0

  4. "Un Lautréamont negativo" : tradición y política en la interpretación Benjaminiana de Kafka 'A negative Lautréamont' : tradition and politics in Benjamin's interpretation of Kafka
    Published: 01.12.2015

    This article is intended to analyze Benjamin's interpretation of Kafka from the perspective of tradition. The revision of the said concept is here studied whithin the context of Benjaminian late works. The notions of aggadah and halacha are then... more

     

    This article is intended to analyze Benjamin's interpretation of Kafka from the perspective of tradition. The revision of the said concept is here studied whithin the context of Benjaminian late works. The notions of aggadah and halacha are then central for the structure of his reflections. Thus, this paper aims at tracking the elements involved in the elaboration of a political theory that allowed Benjamin to recover Kafka for his political renewal of the concept of humanity. El presente artículo se propone analizar la interpretación benjaminiana de Kafka tomando como eje central el problema de la tradición y su resignificación política en el contexto de producción tardío. Son relevantes en este sentido, los conceptos de hagadá y halajá con los que Benjamin estructura sus análisis. El objetivo es entonces rastrear los elementos que en la elaboración de una teoría política permiten recuperar al narrador checo para la revisión de un concepto de lo humano.

     

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    Source: CompaRe
    Language: Spanish
    Media type: Article
    Format: Online
    DDC Categories: 830
    Subjects: Kafka, Franz; Benjamin, Walter; Haggada; Halacha; Tradition; Rezeption
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    Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0

  5. Witz/Blitz: fagulhas de luz na arte romântica segundo Walter Benjamin Witz/Blitz. Sparks of light in Romantic art according Walter Benjamin

    O conceito de Witz, como aparece nos fragmentos de Friedrich Schlegel, publicados entre 1798 e 1800, está ligado ao entendimento estético e foi recuperado por Walter Benjamin em O conceito de crítica de arte no romantismo alemão. O Witz faz parte da... more

     

    O conceito de Witz, como aparece nos fragmentos de Friedrich Schlegel, publicados entre 1798 e 1800, está ligado ao entendimento estético e foi recuperado por Walter Benjamin em O conceito de crítica de arte no romantismo alemão. O Witz faz parte da "terminologia filosófica" romântica, é um instante na reflexão crítica sobre uma obra de arte onde se dá o conhecimento súbito. O Witz opera na obra uma iluminação de diferentes níveis: semanticamente, aparece na obra como as figuras de estilo da subitaneidade, ou como parabase, a ruptura que autoexplica a obra. Witz, etimologicamente, seria uma corruptela de wissen (saber), e representado pela metáfora da luz. O termo original Witz mantém uma relação sonora com Blitz (relâmpago), é o saber que emerge à consciência subitamente, como um relâmpago, uma iluminação súbita da cena. Witz/Bliz constituem-se em um par conceitual, ou seja, a sonoridade dos termos permite um permuta visual e fonética que vem ao encontro das possibilidades semânticas, compondo um par de opostos. The concept of Witz, as it appears in fragments by Friedrich Schlegel, published between 1798 and 1800, is connected to the aesthetic understanding and was revisited by Walter Benjamin in The Concept of Art Criticism in German Romanticism. Witz is part of the romantic "philosophical terminology", a moment in a critical reflection on a work of art in which sudden knowledge is given. In the work of art, Witz operates an illumination of different levels: semantically, it appears as a figure of style of suddenness, or as parabasis, the break that self-explains the work. Witz, etymologically, would be a corruption of "wissen" (to know), represented by the metaphor of light. The original term Witz maintains a sound similarity to Blitz (lightning), as the knowledge that emerges into consciousness suddenly, like the lightning, a sudden illumination of the scene. Witz / Bliz are in a conceptual pair, i.e., the sound of the terms allows visual and phonetic exchanges that meet the semantic possibilities, making it a pair of opposites.

     

    Export to reference management software
    Content information: free
    Source: CompaRe
    Language: Portuguese
    Media type: Article
    Format: Online
    DDC Categories: 410; 830
    Subjects: Romantik; Literatur; Deutsch; Schlegel, Friedrich von; Benjamin, Walter; Witz; Phonologie; Etymologie; Kunstkritik
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    Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0