Narrow Search
Search narrowed by

Displaying results 1 to 5 of 2911.

  1. Kausale Satzverknüpfungen im Deutschen

    This article gives an overview of the syntactic, prosodic and semantic behaviour, as well as of the textual function, of causal connectives in present day German. In the first section, text coherence is divided into the domains of spatial, temporal... more

     

    This article gives an overview of the syntactic, prosodic and semantic behaviour, as well as of the textual function, of causal connectives in present day German. In the first section, text coherence is divided into the domains of spatial, temporal and causal coherence. Spatial and temporal coherence are to a considerable extent encoded by grammatical means, while causal coherence is mainly encoded by lexical means: prepositions, conjunctions and adverbs. In the second section, the most important causal connectives of present day German are described, and their basic syntactic and semantic properties introduced. The third section deals with the linguistic concept of cause, contextualizing it within more general philosophical considerations on causation. The concept of cause is traced back to the underlying concepts of situation and condition. The fourth section is devoted to the distinction between three types of causal connections, labelled as dispositional, epistemic and deontic/illocutionary. Empirically, there are many cases in which a causal connection between two sentences can receive more than one of these readings. The following subsections examine in more detail the syntactic, prosodic and semantic conditions that render epistemic and deontic readings of causal connections possible. The main factors influencing the interpretation are shown to be syntactic, prosodic and informational integration of the connected expressions, definiteness of the cause as well as modal contexts. Der vorliegende Aufsatz gibt einen Überblick über das syntaktische, prosodische und semantische Verhalten sowie die textuelle Funktion kausaler Konnektoren im heutigen Deutsch. Im ersten Abschnitt wird Textkohärenz in räumliche, zeitliche und kausale Kohärenz unterteilt. Räumliche und zeitliche Kohärenz werden zu einem erheblichen Teil durch grammatische Sprachmittel kodiert, während kausale Kohärenz vor allem durch lexikalische Mittel ausgedrückt wird: durch Präpositionen, Konjunktionen und Adverbien. Im zweiten Abschnitt werden die wichtigsten kausalen Konnektoren des Gegenwartsdeutschen vorgestellt und in ihren syntaktischen und semantischen Haupteigenschaften beschrieben. Der dritte Abschnitt behandelt das linguistische Konzept der Ursache vor dem Hintergrund allgemeinerer philosophischer Reflexionen über Kausalität. Das Konzept der Verursachung wird zurückgeführt auf die zugrundeliegenden Konzepte der Situation und der Bedingung. Der vierte Abschnitt ist der Unterscheidung zwischen drei Arten kausaler Verknüpfungen gewidmet, die als dispositionelle, epistemische und deontisch-illokutionäre bezeichnet werden. Empirisch erlauben kausale Verknüpfungen häufig mehr als eine dieser Lesarten. Die folgenden Unterabschnitte untersuchen im Detail die syntaktischen, prosodischen und semantischen Bedingungen, durch die epistemische und deontische Lesarten kausaler Verknüpfungen möglich werden. Als wichtigste Faktoren, die die Interpretation beeinflussen, werden herausgestellt: syntaktische, prosodische und informationelle Integration der verknüpften Ausdrücke, Definitheit der Ursache sowie modale Umgebungen.

     

    Export to reference management software
    Content information: free
    Source: CompaRe
    Language: German
    Media type: Article
    Format: Online
    DDC Categories: 430; 435
    Subjects: Textkohärenz; Logische Partikel; Präposition; Konjunktion; Adverb; Syntax; Prosodie; Semantik; Modalität <Linguistik>
    Rights:

    Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0

  2. Zur Herausbildung der Kategorie "Modalverb" in der Grammatikographie des Deutschen (und des Portugiesischen)

    This study outlines the formation of the category of "modal verb" within the grammaticography of German from the beginnings in the 16th century up to its "canonization" in the first half of the 20th century, also showing certain parallels to the... more

     

    This study outlines the formation of the category of "modal verb" within the grammaticography of German from the beginnings in the 16th century up to its "canonization" in the first half of the 20th century, also showing certain parallels to the treatment of modal verbs in the grammaticography of Portuguese. It also describes the influence German grammaticography had on the formation of this category in the grammaticography of Portuguese. Este estudo analisa a formação da categoria de "verbo modal" na gramaticografia do alemão, desde as primeiras gramáticas do século XVI até a sua "canonização" na primeira metade do século XX, apontando também para alguns paralelos com o tratamento dos verbos modais na gramaticografia do português, bem como as influências da gramaticografia do alemão sobre a formação desta categoria na gramaticografia do português.

     

    Export to reference management software
    Content information: free
    Source: CompaRe
    Language: German
    Media type: Article
    Format: Online
    DDC Categories: 430; 435
    Subjects: Modalverb; Hilfsverb; Grammatische Kategorie; Grammatiktheorie; Deutsch; Portugiesisch
    Rights:

    Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0

  3. O mal-estar da "Gerechtigkeit"

    "Der Fall Maurizius" by Jakob Wassermann was first published in 1928. It is set partly in 1908 Germany and partly during the Weimar Republic. In this work, Wassermann criticizes German pragmatism by depicting the State bureaucracy as the absolute... more

     

    "Der Fall Maurizius" by Jakob Wassermann was first published in 1928. It is set partly in 1908 Germany and partly during the Weimar Republic. In this work, Wassermann criticizes German pragmatism by depicting the State bureaucracy as the absolute power over citizens, even after the Imperial Era. Disgusted with the mismanagement of the justice system and with the perverse character of those in charge, the author renders German pragmatism as non-adherence to the moral values supposedly justifying the State apparatus – in particular, as a breach of the "Gerechtigkeit" principle. The harmless innocence of the adolescent Etzel von Andergast, the only child of a well-known prosecutor, highlights this violation of justice. At the same time, Waremme is a sinister character whose Jewish parents fled from Prussian-occupied Poland. He breaks with his ancestors' moral values and is eager to play a key role in the German Nationalistic movement. However, he feels frustrated with his project of cultural assimilation and is pushed towards the outskirts of a bewildered society. The crisis of values and transgression of justice become the emblems of Wassermann’s generation. Em "Der Fall Maurizius", romance de Jakob Wassermann de 1928, parcialmente ambientado em 1908, à época da República de Weimar, o autor critica o pragmatismo alemão, apoiado numa burocracia de estado que, mesmo depois do fim do Império, continua a exercer o poder de maneira absoluta. Wassermann revolta-se contra a má administração da justiça, e contra o caráter perverso daqueles que, tendo se apoderado do aparelho estatal, arrogam a si mesmos o papel de representantes dos melhores princípios do humanismo alemão. O pragmatismo, assim, apresenta-se como a falsificação daqueles valores que supostamente o legitimariam – notadamente, do princípio de Justiça, "Gerechtigkeit". A inocência de um adolescente, Etzel von Andergast, filho de um grande promotor, é o que traz à luz este estado de adulteração. Ao mesmo tempo, a figura de Waremme, descendente de judeus provenientes de regiões da Polônia ocupadas pela Prússia desde 1772, é uma figura sinistra, que rompeu com o legado ético de seus antepassados, pretendendo exercer um papel de destaque no movimento nacionalista alemão, para frustrar-se e ocupar posição marginal numa sociedade repleta de desencaminhados e perplexos. Desta forma o autor representa as aporias de uma geração que sente na pele esse exílio da justiça e a crise generalizada de valores.

     

    Export to reference management software
    Content information: free
    Source: CompaRe
    Language: Portuguese
    Media type: Article
    Format: Online
    DDC Categories: 830; 833
    Subjects: Wassermann, Jakob / Der Fall Maurizius; Jüdische Literatur; Weimarer Republik <Motiv>; Wertkrise; Assimilation <Soziologie, Motiv>; Gerechtigkeit <Motiv>
    Rights:

    Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0

  4. O Brasil de Ulrich Becher no "Romanceiro Brasileiro" : a harmonia em questão

    "Brazil – a country of the future" ("Brasilien – ein Land der Zukunft"), written by Stefan Zweig in the 40s, is one of the few books to portray Brazil as a harmonious country. However, although the book is widely acknowledged as a fine piece of work,... more

     

    "Brazil – a country of the future" ("Brasilien – ein Land der Zukunft"), written by Stefan Zweig in the 40s, is one of the few books to portray Brazil as a harmonious country. However, although the book is widely acknowledged as a fine piece of work, one cannot afford to ignore that some other German authors from the same period presented other entirely different views of Brazil. This paper focuses on the novel "Romanceiro Brasileiro" by Ulrich Becher, an author relatively neglected in the Germanic studies. The primary aim is to examine some aspects of the image of Brazil. Unlike Zweig, who shows a tendency to conceal potential conflicts which could threaten his idea of a harmonious Brazil, Becher points out the contradictions and disparities of the country, focusing on aspects which contradict the idyllic image suggested by Zweig, such as Brazil's serious social problems and injustice. By doing so, Becher may have created a more plausible image of Brazil. Poucas obras marcaram tanto o imaginário acerca do Brasil como o livro de Stefan Zweig intitulado "Brasil – um país do futuro", escrito nos anos 1940. No entanto, não obstante a fama desse livro e de sua visão de um Brasil harmonioso, não se deve esquecer que existem livros de outros autores de língua alemã, escritos nessa mesma época, com visões e interpretações acerca do Brasil divergentes daquelas reveladas por Zweig. Neste artigo, são abordados alguns aspectos da imagem do Brasil presentes no "Romanceiro Brasileiro", de Ulrich Becher – um autor relativamente negligenciado pelos estudos germânicos. Zweig, na procura por benesses do governo de Getúlio Vargas, demonstra uma tendência de ocultar possíveis conflitos que poderiam ameaçar a harmonia que ele acredita ter encontrado no Brasil. Ao contrário disso, Becher – para quem esse país foi apenas um lugar de passagem - destaca justamente as contradições e dissonâncias presentes, focalizando aspectos conflitantes com uma imagem idílica, como os grandes problemas e injustiças sociais, e chega, assim, a elaborar uma imagem talvez mais plausível do Brasil.

     

    Export to reference management software
    Content information: free
    Source: CompaRe
    Language: Portuguese
    Media type: Article
    Format: Online
    DDC Categories: 830; 833
    Subjects: Zweig, Stefan / Brasilien, ein Land der Zukunft; Becher, Ulrich (Schriftsteller); Brasilienbild
    Rights:

    Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0

  5. Aspectos de pragmaticalização de marcadores discursivos no alemão e no português

    In this article, I discuss the syntactic, semantic and discursive roles of conjunctions as discourse markers in German and Portuguese (wobei, weil and obwohl; porque and que). I also provide some evidence for the process of... more

     

    In this article, I discuss the syntactic, semantic and discursive roles of conjunctions as discourse markers in German and Portuguese (wobei, weil and obwohl; porque and que). I also provide some evidence for the process of grammaticalization/pragmaticalization in which these markers are involved. This study is part of a broader contrastive-analysis project which aims to investigate the grammaticalization process of complex sentences in German and Portuguese from a cognitive-discursive perspective. Neste artigo, discute-se o papel discursivo, semântico e sintático dos marcadores discursivos de origem conjuncional do alemão e do português (wobei, weil e obwohl; porque e que) e enumeram-se algumas evidências a respeito do processo de gramaticalização/ pragmaticalização desses marcadores em ambas as línguas. O estudo faz parte de um projeto de análise contrastiva dos processos de gramaticalização das sentenças complexas do alemão e do português e toma como base uma perspectiva teórica cognitivo-discursiva.

     

    Export to reference management software
    Content information: free
    Source: CompaRe
    Language: Portuguese
    Media type: Article
    Format: Online
    DDC Categories: 410
    Subjects: Diskursmarker; Deutsch; Portugiesisch / Brasilien; Sprachwandel; Pragmatik
    Rights:

    Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0