Displaying results 1 to 5 of 8.

  1. Die Mehrheit will das nicht hören : Gilles Deleuze' Konzept der "littérature mineure"
    Published: 30.10.2014

    Literatur ist revolutionär. Nicht im Sinne einer "littérature engagée", sondern als Äußerung, als Sprechakt, als eine bestimmte Konfiguration von Sprache. In ihrer Studie "Kafka. Pour une littérature mineure" entwickeln Gilles Deleuze und Félix... more

     

    Literatur ist revolutionär. Nicht im Sinne einer "littérature engagée", sondern als Äußerung, als Sprechakt, als eine bestimmte Konfiguration von Sprache. In ihrer Studie "Kafka. Pour une littérature mineure" entwickeln Gilles Deleuze und Félix Guattari diesen Gedanken einer Kleinen Literatur. Sie setzen dabei bei einigen Tagebucheinträgen Kafkas an, in denen dieser Skizzen zu einem Konzept einer kleinen Literatur entwickelt. Als deutschsprachiger Jude in Prag gehörte Kafka einer doppelten Minderheit an: der der Deutschsprechenden und der der Juden. Daher stellt sich für Kafka die Frage, in was für einer Sprache er schreiben soll: auf Tschechisch, Deutsch oder Jiddisch? Kafka hat sich bekanntermaßen für das Deutsche entschieden. Doch wie kann man auf Deutsch, der Sprache der übergroßen Literaturdenkmäler Goethe und Schiller, schreiben? Auf welche Art und Weise nähert man sich als Minderheitensprecher einer solchen Sprache? Schließlich ist das Deutsche eine große Sprache, eine Sprache einer Mehrheit, in der literarische Wege vermeintlich vorgezeichnet sind. Beispielsweise durch die oben genannten Vorbilder, die man in Zuspitzung der These für die ganze Literatur nehmen kann und die damit zur Imitation auffordern. In diesem Kontext entwickelte Kafka jenes Konzept der kleinen Literatur, deren drei Pfeiler Deleuze und Guattari folgendermaßen benennen: "Les trois caractères de la littérature mineure sont la déterritorialisation de la langue, le branchement de l'individuel sur l'immédiat-politique, l'agencement collectif d'énonciation" (K, 33). Dieser Essay soll diese drei Punkte verknüpft mit Deleuze's Konzepten der Sprache und des Werdens genauer ausführen. Zunächst muss jedoch der Begriff der Minderheit im Deleuze'schen Sinne konkretisiert werden.

     

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    Source: CompaRe
    Language: German
    Media type: Article
    Format: Online
    DDC Categories: 800
    Subjects: Deleuze, Gilles; Guattari, Félix; Kafka, Franz; Minderheitenliteratur
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  2. Diabolus ex machina : Bulgakov's modernist devil
    Published: 30.12.2014

    In 1937, when Bulgakov was working on Master i Margarita and suffering from rejection by the theatre community, an old friend appealed to him: "Вы ведь государство в государстве. Сколько это может продолжаться? Надо сдаваться, все сдались. Один вы... more

     

    In 1937, when Bulgakov was working on Master i Margarita and suffering from rejection by the theatre community, an old friend appealed to him: "Вы ведь государство в государстве. Сколько это может продолжаться? Надо сдаваться, все сдались. Один вы остались. Это глупо." And indeed "государство в государстве" ("a state within a state") is an appropriate way of describing a man who was feverishly working on a modernist novel at the height of socialist realism. The very fact that Master i Margarita was written in the oppressive environment of the 1930s makes it a unique modernist work, for it emerges as a protest against socialist realism and a defense of artistic freedom. In this respect the modernist qualities of Bulgakov's novel acquire a new dimension because Master i Margarita becomes a kind of artistic devil, fulfilling the traditional diabolic role of opposing authority. This is why Woland, as a character, is the metonymic expression of the novel's revolt.

     

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    Source: CompaRe
    Language: English
    Media type: Article
    Format: Online
    DDC Categories: 891
    Subjects: Bulgakov, Michail / Master i Margarita; Modernismus
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  3. De-automatization in Timothy Findley's "The Wars"
    Published: 30.12.2014

    Timothy Findley's "The Wars" is a very powerful and disturbing book. Despite the novel's historically distant setting, the events of "The Wars" do not seem distant at all: the reader is brought close to the horrible violence of World War I and its... more

     

    Timothy Findley's "The Wars" is a very powerful and disturbing book. Despite the novel's historically distant setting, the events of "The Wars" do not seem distant at all: the reader is brought close to the horrible violence of World War I and its devastating impact on a young mind. The question is why? The topic is certainly not new — we are аll too familiar with the World War I period. The theme is also an old one — a young man's loss of innocence and baptism by fire on the battlefield. The novelty and vividness of Findley's work are attributable to another source: its form. I hope to show that one artistic device in particular — de-automatization — is largely responsible for the novel's powerful impact on the modern reader.

     

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    Source: CompaRe
    Language: English
    Media type: Article
    Format: Online
    DDC Categories: 800
    Subjects: Findley, Timothy / The wars; Erzähltechnik
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  4. The child and the child-like in Daniil Charms
    Published: 30.12.2014

    In his lifetime Daniil Charms only succeeded in publishing two of his poems for adults. Publicly he was a children's author: a job in the Soviet Union which traditionally attracted many writers whose literature for adults was either rejected by the... more

     

    In his lifetime Daniil Charms only succeeded in publishing two of his poems for adults. Publicly he was a children's author: a job in the Soviet Union which traditionally attracted many writers whose literature for adults was either rejected by the official literary system or had to be hidden altogether if its creators wanted to avoid trouble.

    In fact up to the present day it is still Charms the children's author who is best known and loved, although finally under new historical and political conditions the writer for adults has also been allowed to make his debut. However, whatever he wrote, Charms' work was always dominated by an absurdist world view, a view that usually denied all dogma or ideology. His only aim seems to have been to present a world upside down and play around with literary and other conventions, i.e. more than anything else he wanted to be different, acting as a sort of literary "punk".

    Although Charms and his associates were preceded by European absurdist authors, such as A. Jarry (1873-1907), it is very difficult to establish any relationship of influence between examples of Western European absurdism and Daniil Charms. Nonetheless, Charms' work, as well as that of Jarry, Ionesco and Beckett, all share the "grotesquely comic as well as irrational" (Abrams 1981: 1) quality of the absurdist movement in its larger modernist context.

     

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    Source: CompaRe
    Language: English
    Media type: Article
    Format: Online
    DDC Categories: 891
    Subjects: Charms, Daniil; Kinderliteratur; Absurde Literatur
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  5. Novelizing myth in Sholem Asch's "Moses"
    Published: 30.12.2014

    Sholem Asch's epic novel "Moses" has been criticized for a number of shortcomings. One of the main reproaches has do with Asch's attempt to present myth as history in a serious and at times "stuffily reverential" style (Siegel 194). Leslie Fiedler... more

     

    Sholem Asch's epic novel "Moses" has been criticized for a number of shortcomings. One of the main reproaches has do with Asch's attempt to present myth as history in a serious and at times "stuffily reverential" style (Siegel 194). Leslie Fiedler compares Asch's retelling of Exodus-Deuteronomy to Thomas Mann's version of Genesis in "Joseph and his Brothers" and argues that Asch, unlike Mann, lacks the irony of Mann's approach which is essential for handling mythological material in the modern age. Fiedler maintains that Mann's novel is superior to Asch's because Mann does not try to modernize the original material by rationalizing it (Fiedler 73-4). While there is much truth in what Fiedler says about "Moses", the contrast between Mann and Asch is not quite so clear-cut. Undoubtedly, the two authors did handle their material in radically different ways. However, both authors were writing modern realistic novels, i.e., they were dealing with a genre that demands structural coherence. And in this respect one must not overemphasize the difference between Asch's and Mann's treatment of myth.

     

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    Source: CompaRe
    Language: German
    Media type: Article
    Format: Online
    DDC Categories: 800
    Subjects: Asch, Sholem; Mann, Thomas / Joseph und seine Brüder; Mythos <Motiv>
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