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  1. Die Konkrete Poesie - Geschichte und ästhetische Prinzipien einer literarischen Avantgarde-Bewegung dargestellt am Beispiel der Autoren Claus Bremer, Franz Mon, Max Bense, Helmut Heißenbüttel und John Cage
    Erschienen: 2004

    Die vorliegende Arbeit gibt einen Einblick in die Geschichte der Konkreten Poesie, ihre Arbeitsweise und ihre theoretischen Grundlagen. Dies geschieht vor allem anhand von Textanalysen einiger ihrer wichtigsten Autoren. Eine der Leitfragen dabei ist,... mehr

     

    Die vorliegende Arbeit gibt einen Einblick in die Geschichte der Konkreten Poesie, ihre Arbeitsweise und ihre theoretischen Grundlagen. Dies geschieht vor allem anhand von Textanalysen einiger ihrer wichtigsten Autoren. Eine der Leitfragen dabei ist, auf welche Weise die Konkrete Literatur den durch das Aufkommen der Massenmedien veränderten gesellschaftlichen Bedingungen der Literaturrezeption Rechnung trägt. Wie die Textanalysen belegen, ist es vor allem die antimimetische, konstruktive Auffassung des sprachlichen Zeichens, die den konkreten Text sowohl vom illusionistischen Erzählen als auch der reinen Vermittlung von Information durch Sprache unterscheidet. Die Sprache selbst, die in ihr verborgenen Strukturen und Möglichkeiten, werden nunmehr einem spielerischen Umgang geöffnet, der das sprachliche Zeichen, sei es Laut oder Letter, als Material begreift und damit von der Vorstellung der Transzendenz sprachlicher Bedeutung weitgehend Abschied nimmt. Das Problem der als ungültig erfahrenen ästhetischen und weltanschaulichen Konventionen fordert die Autoren der Konkreten Dichtung zu immer diffizileren Strategien der Textproduktion heraus, die sich vom Subjekt als Zentrum der Textgenese entfernen und stattdessen den künstlich produzierten Zufall oder den maschinellen Algorithmus einführen. Die Begriffe Text und Subjekt werden im Verlauf dieser Sprachbehandlung einer radikalen Kritik unterzogen, die in der topologischen Auflösung identitätsstiftender sprachlicher Figuren und Strukturen bei Max Bense sowie der Kritik künstlerischer Intentionalität bei John Cage kulminieren. Über die reine Textanalyse hinaus geht es angesichts immer stärker um sich greifender manipulativer Tendenzen durch Sprache in Werbung und Medien schließlich um die Beschreibung der Wechselwirkung zwischen diesen Bereichen und natürlich um die Frage, welche ästhetischen Mittel die Konkrete Poesie einsetzt, um die Freisetzung des Wortes aus der Fesselung durch fremdbestimmte, ökonomische und politische Zwänge zu erreichen.

     

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  2. Ein Mann ohne Eigenschaften wird Diskurskonnektor: Zur Analyse von zeitdeutenden Figurenaussagen in Robert Musils "Der Mann ohne Eigenschaften"
    Erschienen: 2015

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    Sprache: Deutsch
    Medientyp: Unbestimmt
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Literaturen germanischer Sprachen; Deutsche Literatur (830)
    Schlagworte: Musil; Time; Discourse
  3. Multi-Agent Market Modeling based on Neural Networks
    Erschienen: 2002

    One of the challenges of financial research is to develop models that are capable of explaining and forecasting market price movements and returns.Agent based models focus directly on the underlying structure of the market. The basic idea is, that... mehr

     

    One of the challenges of financial research is to develop models that are capable of explaining and forecasting market price movements and returns.Agent based models focus directly on the underlying structure of the market. The basic idea is, that the market price dynamics arises from the interaction of many individual agents. Approaching financial markets in this manner, one starts off with the modeling of the agents´ decision making schemes on the microeconomic level of the market. Thereafter, market price changes can be determined on the macroeconomic level by a superposition of the agents´ buying and selling decisions. The aim of a (micro-)economic model is to explain market prices by a detailed causal analysis of the agents´ decision making behavior. The market price results from an aggregation of the agents´ decisions. Remarkably, agent-based financial markets provide a new explanatory framework supplementing the traditional economic concepts of equilibrium theory and efficient markets. Such a supplementing framework is needed, because in real-world financial markets the underlying assumptions of equilibrium or efficient market theory are often violated.As we will show, neural networks allow the integration of the decision behavior of individual economic agents into a market model. Based on the perspective of interacting agents, the resulting market model allows us to capture the underlying dynamics of financial markets, to fit real-world financial data, and to forecast future market price movements.In addition, we point out that neural networks allow to set up a joint framework of econometric model building. Besides the learning from data, one may integrate prior knowledge about the underlying dynamical system and first principles into the modeling. These elements are incorporated into the neural networks in form of architectural enhancements. This way of model building helps to overcome the drawbacks of purely data driven approaches.

     

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    Sprache: Englisch
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    DDC Klassifikation: Literaturen nordamerikanischer Indianersprachen (897)
    Schlagworte: multi-agent; financial forecasting; neural networks; dynamical systems; market modeling; cognitive systems; econometrics
  4. Identifizierung und Charakterisierung von Retrosequenzen der tumorrelevanten HMGA Gene im menschlichen Genom
    Erschienen: 2003

    Retrosequences of protein-coding genes are generated by retrotransposition, i.e. reverse transcription of the genes´ mRNAs followed by integration into the genome. More than 8.000 genomic cDNA copies from an estimated total of 20.000 have been... mehr

     

    Retrosequences of protein-coding genes are generated by retrotransposition, i.e. reverse transcription of the genes´ mRNAs followed by integration into the genome. More than 8.000 genomic cDNA copies from an estimated total of 20.000 have been identified so far in human. Their biological relevance depends on the function of their respective (retrotranscribed) gene, on their own transcriptional status (active: retrogene / inactive: retropseudogene), but also on their integration site. The high mobility group protein (HMG) gene family is regarded as one of the largest retrosequence families in human. This thesis represents the first detailed study of retrosequences of a complete HMG group, i.e. HMGA. HMGA proteins play an important role in cell differentiation and tumorigenesis making possible active retrosequences of their genes interesting subjects. During the study 7 retrosequences of HMGA1 located on different chromosomes could be identified and characterised in detail concerning their formation, integration, transcriptional status and their possible role in tumorigenesis. They were derived from 5 different mRNA splice variants from which 2 have not been cloned yet. Their retrotransposition appeared to have been catalysed by the L1 endonuclease/reverse transcriptase ("target primed reverse transcription"). In silico analyses revealed 3 transcriptionally active retrosequences in normal and pathogenic tissues. At least one of them represents a new exon of an unknown gene. Concerning a possile relevance of the retrosequences for tumor initiation and / or progression 2 hypotheses were tested by analyzing chromosomal aberrations in cases of several solid benign tumor entities. The first hypothesis implied an own tumor-inducing potential of the retrosequences as proto-oncogenes. Whereas the second one suggested a mutational influence on the tumor-related HMGA genes by homologous recombination as aberration partners. Statistical analyses supported both hypotheses.

     

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    Sprache: Deutsch
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    DDC Klassifikation: Englische, altenglische Literaturen (820)
    Schlagworte: Retropseudogene; Retrogene; Retrotransposition; Integration; High Mobility Group Proteine; Genfamilie; Tumorgenese
  5. Organisch modifizierte Schichtsilicate als thermische Polymerisationsinitiatoren für die Darstellung von Nanokompositen auf Basis von Epoxiden
    Erschienen: 2004

    Montmorillonite containing minerals with exchangeable sodium ions are available in large quantities. By exchanging the sodium ions for cationic tensides the surface of the silicate layers becomes organophilic and the distance between the silicate... mehr

     

    Montmorillonite containing minerals with exchangeable sodium ions are available in large quantities. By exchanging the sodium ions for cationic tensides the surface of the silicate layers becomes organophilic and the distance between the silicate layers the gallery distance increases from 1 nm to about 1.8 nm. Due to this modification the silicate layers can be distributed into a polymeric matrix yielding nanocomposites. If epoxy resins are used as the matrix, the exfoliation of the layered silicate creates polymer clay nanocomposites with improved properties compared to pure epoxy resins or conventional composites. It has been reported in the literature that the diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A undergoes self-polymerization when heated with acidic onium ion exchanged forms of montmorillonite. However nanocomposite formation is accomplished through a dramatic transition from gel state to a dry powder with a very low bulk density. During the thesis two solutions were developed to prevent the rapid liquid to powder transformation and it is now possible to obtain cured transparent epoxy resin based nanocomposites without adding any further hardener. Both methods control the balance between the extragallery reaction rate of the epoxy system and the diffusion rate of monomers into the galleries, which affects the innergallery reaction rate. One possibility is to use the influence of additives for improving the diffusion rate of low viscosity epoxy resins. The other approach leads to a new structure of the ion exchanged montmorillonite. This new structure improves the diffusion of monomers into the galleries and leads to cured and transparent nanocomposites without any further additive or hardener. The organophilic clays and the formed polymers were studied by DSC, TGA, EDX, SEM, XRD and TEM.

     

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    Sprache: Deutsch
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    DDC Klassifikation: Neugriechische Literatur (889)
    Schlagworte: montmorillonite; epoxy resin; self-polymerization
  6. Die Sprache ist eine Haut : Subjektivierung entlang versehrter Körpergrenzen in der Gegenwartsliteratur
    Erschienen: 2009

    The literature of the 90s confronts us with representations of maimed or injured human bodies and transgression at their boundaries. Although differing in style and subject, the works of Roes ( Haut des Südens ), Rabinovici ( Suche nach M. ), Hettche... mehr

     

    The literature of the 90s confronts us with representations of maimed or injured human bodies and transgression at their boundaries. Although differing in style and subject, the works of Roes ( Haut des Südens ), Rabinovici ( Suche nach M. ), Hettche ( Nox ) and Beyer ( Das Menschenfleisch ) all share the topic of injured skin as a conceptual center of the narrative. As semiotic systems, fiction offers access to the phenomenon of altered reality and self-experience and the associated change of the body. My book combines Greimas structural text semiotics with Lacan's structural theory of the subject and its cultural implications (as developed by Waltz). This allows for a sound methodological approach to the texts and, thus, through the meta-semiotic detour of narrative discourse, for a cultural analysis. The research question addresses the relationship between the assumption of a genuinely contemporary constitution of the subjects and the current desire for crossing borders. The study demonstrates how the decline of the symbolic (Lacan) is tried to be expressed in the system of text / language.

     

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  7. Die erzählte Welt als Spiegel : Reflexionen des analytischen Erzählens im 'Parzival' Wolframs von Eschenbach
    Erschienen: 2014

    One of the characteristic features of Wolfram's 'Parzival' is a narrative technique of holding back information that is crucial for the understanding of what is happening. The intention of this technique is to let the audience share the protagonist's... mehr

     

    One of the characteristic features of Wolfram's 'Parzival' is a narrative technique of holding back information that is crucial for the understanding of what is happening. The intention of this technique is to let the audience share the protagonist's experience of uncertainty and to test its ability for compassion. It has long been acknowledged that the narrator reflects upon this narrative technique on several occasions. However, less attention has been given to the possibility of poetological reflection that is inherent in the narratives and speeches of characters. Based on Genette's theory of narrative levels, Scheffel's thoughts on self-reflexivity of literature and Weber's definition of analytical narration, this thesis tries to show that many of the narratives and speeches produced by characters in 'Parzival' mirror the narrative technique of concealing vital information. Furthermore, the thesis analyses explanations and intentions that are related to these narratives and speeches and their (potential) effects on the protagonists and the audience and it draws conclusions with regard to the poetological concept of the novel.

     

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  8. Maskerade in Theorie und literarischer Gestaltung. Geschlecht und Körper, Begehren und Liebe in Werken von Antje Rávic Strubel, Katharina Hacker und Angela Krauß
    Autor*in: Düking, Ina
    Erschienen: 2015

    The aim of this dissertation is to apply and advance the concept of gender masquerading, which has its origins in psychoanalysis and gender studies, to the field of literary studies. There, the concept of masquerading has mainly been discussed in the... mehr

     

    The aim of this dissertation is to apply and advance the concept of gender masquerading, which has its origins in psychoanalysis and gender studies, to the field of literary studies. There, the concept of masquerading has mainly been discussed in the context of literary works in which gender masquerade was paralleled by cross-dressing. This approach needs to be differentiated methodologically as the concept of gender masquerading allows for a close psychological analysis of the literary characters in terms of femininity and masculinity, hetero- and homosexuality, desire and love, even and in particular in the absence of any visible disguise that masks gender or makes it seem confusingly ambiguous. The concept of gender masquerading was first developed by the psychoanalysts Joan Riviere and Jaques Lacan, and later critically re-assessed by philosopher and gender theorist Judith Butler, and includes multifaceted questions relating to the authenticity, the mechanisms and effects of gender performance, as well as to the relational structures between lovers or those who desire. Gender masquerading focuses on the discussion of femininity, which, in different theoretical contexts, is construed as pretence, as a psychic coping strategy, as stabilization of patriarchal structures, or as denial of a female desire which needs to be unmasked. In order to bring to the fore and highlight this specific character of gender masquerading in literary studies, the present study analyses three novels by contemporary female authors that do not include an overtly visible disguise or a readily identifiable change of gender roles: Antje Rávic Strubel's "Kältere Schichten der Luft" (2007), Katharina Hacker's "Die Habenichtse" (2006) und Angela Krauß' "Wie weiter" (2006). In-depth analyses of the narrative contents and linguistic representations of the novels provide the basis for a literary approach that unfolds the psychological depth of the respective characters and unveils numerous differences, contradictions and disruptions. These describe a complex interplay of various aspects: on the one hand the power of gender roles, the obligation of gender masquerading, the diverse insecurities, fears and possible repressions, on the other hand moments of conscious selfformation and self-transformation, as well as free, playful, sensual masquerading. In conclusion, it becomes clear that the concept of gender masquerading is a complex and versatile theoretical tool, which can prove to productively connect diverse questions of gender and body, sexuality, desire and love.

     

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    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Schlagworte: Maskerade; Geschlechter-Maskerade; Weiblichkeit; Begehren; Antje Rávic Strubel; Katharina Hacker; Angela Krauß; Joan Riviere; Jacques Lacan; Judith Butler
  9. Cyborg Black Studies : Tracing the Impact of Technological Change on the Constitution of Blackness.
    Erschienen: 2015

    The dissertation offers a meta-theoretical and decolonial critique of epistemological and methodological approaches in Political Theory and Black Studies. Structured in three parts, it begins by arguing that prevalent models in subject theory cannot... mehr

     

    The dissertation offers a meta-theoretical and decolonial critique of epistemological and methodological approaches in Political Theory and Black Studies. Structured in three parts, it begins by arguing that prevalent models in subject theory cannot account for the specific situation of enslaved or colonized people. Focusing on the former, approaches by afropessimist authors are combined with a schizo-analytical methodology to develop a theory of the abjection of Blackness as inherent to (post-)modernity and models of (post-)humanism. The second part applies this model to cinema and phonography, introducing the â racial glitchâ to describe how technologies can break open the suturation of bodies with blackness as a racialized social category. The third part condenses the results of the prior sections into â Cyborg Black Studiesâ , mobilizing the term cyborg as a trope to unthink the abjection inherent to notions of the human and offering a new methodology geared towards that goal.

     

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  10. Le differenti memorie della guerra in Jugoslavia (1991-1995) nel romanzo europeo occidentale in prospettiva transnazionale
    Erschienen: 2019

    The present doctoral thesis is an analysis of novels about the war in Yugoslavia from 1995 to 2015 from a transnational perspective The literary corpus comprises 13 novels, written in Italian, German, Spanish and published in French. Based on Erll... mehr

     

    The present doctoral thesis is an analysis of novels about the war in Yugoslavia from 1995 to 2015 from a transnational perspective The literary corpus comprises 13 novels, written in Italian, German, Spanish and published in French. Based on Erll and Nünning's definition of "memory in literature", the memory of the Yugoslavian war in contemporary novels is examined. The three macro themes of "Gender and Generations", "Violence and Literature" and "Memory, Media and Propaganda" will be elaborated and deepened. --- La tesi di dottorato analizzata un corpus letterario composto da tredici romanzi scritti in francese (1), spagnolo (2), tedesco (4) e italiano (6), anche da autori provenienti dalla ex-Jugoslavia. Partendo dalla definizione di Erll e Nünning "Gedächtnis in der Literatur" si sviluppa uno studio sulla memoria della guerra in Jugoslavia (1991-1995) nel romanzo contemporaneo di alcuni paesi dell'Europa occidentale. L'analisi letteraria dei testi letterari approfondisce tre macrotemi centrali: "generi e generazioni", "violenza e letteratura", e "memoria, media e propaganda". --- Bei der vorliegenden Doktorarbeit handelt es sich um eine Analyse von Romanen über den Jugoslawienkrieg aus den Jahren 1995 bis 2015 aus einer transnationalen Perspektive. Der literarische Korpus umfasst 13 Romane, die auf italienisch, deutsch, spanisch und französisch veröffentlicht wurden. Ausgehend von der Definition "Gedächtnis in der Literatur" von Erll und Nünning wird die Erinnerung an den Jugoslawienkrieg im Gegenwartsromanen untersucht. Hierbei werden die drei Makrothemen "Gender und Generationen", "Gewalt und Literatur" sowie "Gedächtnis, Medien und Propaganda" herausgearbeitet und vertieft.

     

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  11. Literaturrecherche für Romanisten: französische Literatur
    Erschienen: 2005

    Einführungspräsentation mit zwei Modulen:1. Katalogsuche, Vormerkung/Verlängerung, Magazinbestellung, Fernleihe2. thematische Aufsatzsuche in Bibliographien und Datenbanken mehr

     

    Einführungspräsentation mit zwei Modulen:1. Katalogsuche, Vormerkung/Verlängerung, Magazinbestellung, Fernleihe2. thematische Aufsatzsuche in Bibliographien und Datenbanken

     

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  12. Der Kreuzzug gegen das republikanische Anti-Spanien: Mythenbildung in den Bürgerkriegsromanen der Sieger
    Erschienen: 2005

    Der Kreuzzug gegen das republikanische Anti-Spanien: Mythenbildung in den Bürgerkriegsromanen der Sieger (1939 1943) in: Bettina Bannasch und Christiane Holm (Hrsg.): Erinnern und Erzählen. Der spanische Bürgerkrieg in der deutschen und spanischen... mehr

     

    Der Kreuzzug gegen das republikanische Anti-Spanien: Mythenbildung in den Bürgerkriegsromanen der Sieger (1939 1943) in: Bettina Bannasch und Christiane Holm (Hrsg.): Erinnern und Erzählen. Der spanische Bürgerkrieg in der deutschen und spanischen Literatur und in den Bildmedien. Tübingen: Narr, 2005, S. 265 284.

     

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    DDC Klassifikation: Literaturen germanischer Sprachen; Deutsche Literatur (830)
  13. Die Chronotopoi des Kriminalromans
    Autor*in: Spörl, Uwe
    Erschienen: 2006

    Der Aufsatz nutzt Michail Bachtins Konzept des Chronotopos, um Subgenres der Kriminalliteratur, insbes. die Opposition von Detektivroman und Thriller, auf einer bisher kaum beachteten Ebene zu differenzieren, der Ebene der Organisation von Raum und... mehr

     

    Der Aufsatz nutzt Michail Bachtins Konzept des Chronotopos, um Subgenres der Kriminalliteratur, insbes. die Opposition von Detektivroman und Thriller, auf einer bisher kaum beachteten Ebene zu differenzieren, der Ebene der Organisation von Raum und Zeit in den jeweils erzählten Geschichten.

     

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    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Schlagworte: Bachtin; Krimi; Kriminalliteratur; Kriminalroman; crime novel; Chronotopos; Detektivroman; Thriller; closed room; Satterthwait
  14. Sprachskepsis und Poesie als Modi der Weltanschauungskritik in der Nachfolge von Nietzsches frühem Essay "Ueber Wahrheit und Lüge im aussermoralischen Sinne"
    Autor*in: Spörl, Uwe
    Erschienen: 2006

    Der Aufsatz stellt die Sprachkritik, die Nietzsches früher Essay "Über Wahrheit und Lüge im aussermoralischen Sinne" anbietet, in einen poetologischen (v.a. am Beispiel Morgenstern) und weltanschauungskritischen (am Beispiel Landauer) Zusammenhang im... mehr

     

    Der Aufsatz stellt die Sprachkritik, die Nietzsches früher Essay "Über Wahrheit und Lüge im aussermoralischen Sinne" anbietet, in einen poetologischen (v.a. am Beispiel Morgenstern) und weltanschauungskritischen (am Beispiel Landauer) Zusammenhang im Kontext der frühen Moderne (in Literatur und Kultur) um 1900.

     

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    DDC Klassifikation: Literaturen germanischer Sprachen; Deutsche Literatur (830)
    Schlagworte: Nietzsche; Sprachkritik; Morgenstern; Landauer; Weltanschauung; Weltanschauungskritik; Moderne; Jahrhundertwende; fin de siècle; Erkenntniskritik
  15. Die Sprachskepsis der Jahrhundertwendeals Instrument der Überwindung des Alten und als Modus des Neuen.Einige Bemerkungen zu Nietzsche, Landauer und Morgenstern
    Autor*in: Spörl, Uwe
    Erschienen: 2006

    Der Aufsatz befasst sich mit dem kulturkritischen und poetologischen Potential der für die Jahrhundertwende um 1900 so typischen Sprachskepsis -- und zwar anhand des Nietzsche-Essays "Über Wahrheit und Lüge im außermoralischen Sinne" und seiner... mehr

     

    Der Aufsatz befasst sich mit dem kulturkritischen und poetologischen Potential der für die Jahrhundertwende um 1900 so typischen Sprachskepsis -- und zwar anhand des Nietzsche-Essays "Über Wahrheit und Lüge im außermoralischen Sinne" und seiner produktiven Rezeption bei Gustav Landauer und Christian Morgenstern.

     

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    DDC Klassifikation: Literaturen germanischer Sprachen; Deutsche Literatur (830)
    Schlagworte: Sprachskepsis; Sprachkritk; Erkenntniskritik; Kulturkritik; Zeitenwende; Weltanschauungskritik; Landauer; Nietzsche; Mauthner; Morgenstern
  16. Editors' Note
    Erschienen: 2014

    This editors note launches the first peer-reviewed Black Studies online journal founded in Europe, Black Studies Papers, and introduces its first issue, entitled Slavery Revisited. mehr

     

    This editors note launches the first peer-reviewed Black Studies online journal founded in Europe, Black Studies Papers, and introduces its first issue, entitled Slavery Revisited.

     

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    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Schlagworte: Black Studies Papers; Beloved; Black Studies; digital publishing
  17. Introduction Weaving Texts and Memories Around Toni Morrison s Beloved.
    Autor*in: Feith, Michel
    Erschienen: 2014

    In this introduction, Michel Feith problematizes the complex relation between writing and the history of slavery by focusing on two case studies that reconfigure this relation: an examination of the Memorial for the Abolition of Slavery, inaugurated... mehr

     

    In this introduction, Michel Feith problematizes the complex relation between writing and the history of slavery by focusing on two case studies that reconfigure this relation: an examination of the Memorial for the Abolition of Slavery, inaugurated in Nantes, France in 2012, and a triangulation between Toni Morrison s Beloved, and Saidiya Hartman s Scenes of Subjection (1997) and Lose Your Mother (2007). What common ground seems to emerge from these two case studies memory as a sort of compromise formation in the monument, and the varying mixes of ob-jectivity and empathy in the texts is a sense of haunting, accompanied by an always compromised endeavor to lay at rest the ghosts of the Middle Passage.

     

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    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Schlagworte: history; memory; slavery; Toni Morrison; Saidiya Hartman
  18. Commentary (In Response to Michel Feith)
    Erschienen: 2014

    Broeck s commentary focuses mainly on the ethical challenge to read the Enlightenment s freedom narratives not in a paradoxical relation to Euro-American modernity s coloniality and enslavement regimes but as a complex vision of white free... mehr

     

    Broeck s commentary focuses mainly on the ethical challenge to read the Enlightenment s freedom narratives not in a paradoxical relation to Euro-American modernity s coloniality and enslavement regimes but as a complex vision of white free enlightened conviviality the free brotherhood of Man purposefully premised on black social death. From this perspective, it becomes crucial to criticize the tendency in much of Beloved's critical reception to slide into neo-abolitionist kitsch.

     

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    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Schlagworte: enslavement; coloniality; Enlightenment; Beloved; kitsch aesthetic
  19. Memory Work
    Erschienen: 2014

    This intervention argues that Morrison s Beloved highlights the workings of memory (Erinnerungsarbeit) rather than the concept of memory as a duty, as well as assesses the debate known as memory wars in France and gives a brief survey of what has... mehr

     

    This intervention argues that Morrison s Beloved highlights the workings of memory (Erinnerungsarbeit) rather than the concept of memory as a duty, as well as assesses the debate known as memory wars in France and gives a brief survey of what has been achieved at the level of the French state in the midst of a violent controversy about history, national memory and memorials. It closes on the ways in which slavery is fictionalized and analyzed, from Morrison s A Mercy (2008) and Chivallon s anthropological approach (2012) to the discovery of archives, such as the lawsuit brought by the slave Furcy against his master (2011).

     

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    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Schlagworte: history; memory; memorials; archives; Beloved
  20. Post-Beloved Writing: Review, Revitalize, Recalculate
    Erschienen: 2014

    Twenty-five years have elapsed since the publication of Beloved. In all its complexity, Toni Morrison s novel forms a peak, both concluding the previous decades of neo-slave narratives and introducing the following ones. As the following article... mehr

     

    Twenty-five years have elapsed since the publication of Beloved. In all its complexity, Toni Morrison s novel forms a peak, both concluding the previous decades of neo-slave narratives and introducing the following ones. As the following article argues, reviewing the many ways the novel has closed a period and opened a new one will help us gain a new perspective and understand new articulations and developments in slav-ery literature. Misrahi-Barak contends that the genre of the neo-slave nar-rative has ceased to be African-American only, but has become trans-national and global, dialogic, polyphonic and trans-generic. It has also been instrumental in implementing a rapprochement between disciplines that used to be watertight.

     

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    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Schlagworte: Beloved; rapprochement; neo-slave narratives; trans-national; trans-generic
  21. "Own Yourself, Woman": Toni Morrison s A Mercy, Early Modernity, and Property
    Erschienen: 2014

    This study puts Toni Morrison s novel A Mercy in conversation with John Locke s Two Treatises of Government (1689), re-visiting the Treatises in light of recent Black Studies interventions in the topos of Western subjectivity. While situating both... mehr

     

    This study puts Toni Morrison s novel A Mercy in conversation with John Locke s Two Treatises of Government (1689), re-visiting the Treatises in light of recent Black Studies interventions in the topos of Western subjectivity. While situating both the Treatises and the scholarly engagement with them in their historical moment, it develops a post-slavery reading of the early modern conceptions of individual liberty and property by means of A Mercy s characters.

     

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    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Schlagworte: early Enlightenment; slavery; subjectivity; John Locke; proprietorship
  22. Standing Up To Words: Writing and Resistance in Toni Morrison s A Mercy
    Erschienen: 2014

    In Toni Morrison s A Mercy, the protagonist represents both the historical and the contemporary African American author. As Mueller argues, her act of carving words into walls can be read as an act of resistance against the historical silencing of... mehr

     

    In Toni Morrison s A Mercy, the protagonist represents both the historical and the contemporary African American author. As Mueller argues, her act of carving words into walls can be read as an act of resistance against the historical silencing of the black voice as well as politically against symbolic violence exercised through language.

     

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    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Schlagworte: A Mercy; neo-slave narrative; symbolic violence; Bourdieu; Pierre
  23. Reading/Writing "the most wretched business": Toni Morrison s A Mercy
    Erschienen: 2014

    The epilogue of Toni Morrison s A Mercy (2008) is narrated by the teenage character-narrator Florens mother. Though addressed to her daughter, the mother s words are heard/read only by the reader, who is left with the (merciful?) gift of... mehr

     

    The epilogue of Toni Morrison s A Mercy (2008) is narrated by the teenage character-narrator Florens mother. Though addressed to her daughter, the mother s words are heard/read only by the reader, who is left with the (merciful?) gift of understanding and reinterpreting the very act that is at the center of the novel. The picture (s)he shapes, the telling (s)he hears (161), are conditioned by Florens narration the affective lens through which the world (161) and the narrative are to be read. The reader s legitimacy is recognized and rewarded at the very end of A Mer-cy. Indeed, the mother s account, conjured up by Florens, is staged as an imaginary reconciliation, arising from the reading itself, as well as from the reader s affective, aesthetic desire for such reconciliation.

     

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    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Schlagworte: Morrison; reading; writing; slavery
  24. Writing/Reading Slavery as Trauma: Othering, Resistance, and the Haunting Use of Voice in Toni Morrison s A Mercy.
    Erschienen: 2014

    For the first time since Beloved, Toni Morrison returns to slavery in A Mercy (2008): the slave trade is allegorized as a pox upon the initially utopian Vaark farm. Though in the face of systematic discourses of oth-ering, each oppressed character... mehr

     

    For the first time since Beloved, Toni Morrison returns to slavery in A Mercy (2008): the slave trade is allegorized as a pox upon the initially utopian Vaark farm. Though in the face of systematic discourses of oth-ering, each oppressed character puts up strategies of resistance, the dialec-tic of love, loss, and alienation in Florens s story permeates the entire nov-el. But Florens s voice offers resistance and empowerment as well: the house that Jacob built and that Florens haunts is, in a mise en abyme of the house of fiction reclaimed by Toni Morrison, a black repossession of the house that slavery built.

     

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    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Schlagworte: Morrison; A Mercy; trauma; voice; resistance
  25. To Remember or Not to Remember: Traumatic Memory and the Legacy of Slavery in Octavia E. Butler s Kindred and Toni Morrison s Beloved
    Autor*in: Varsam, Maria
    Erschienen: 2014

    Toni Morrison s Beloved and Octavia Butler s Kindred share many thematic and stylistic conventions which illustrate intertextual connections between the neo-slave narrative and critical dystopias. Moreover, they both focus on the effect of history on... mehr

     

    Toni Morrison s Beloved and Octavia Butler s Kindred share many thematic and stylistic conventions which illustrate intertextual connections between the neo-slave narrative and critical dystopias. Moreover, they both focus on the effect of history on the present and the continuing legacy of slavery on social ties, identity and agency. As the article argues, central themes of traumatic history and memory are problematized in these novels through the trope of maternal genealogy and the conse-quences its severance has on affective relationships, race relations and personal identity. Varsam contends that the violent legacy of slavery is transformed from a central marker of traumatic memory to a reference point of survival and personal and social renewal.

     

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    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Schlagworte: neo-slave narratives; history; memory; trauma; dystopia