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  1. England's backyard : Vormärz travel writers on the Irish question
    Autor*in: Bourke, Eoin

    Most Germans went first to Great Britain to witness and describe what in comparison to the conditions in the German petty principalities was very progressive in its industrial advancement, free trade, extraordinary wealth-creation, very advanced... mehr

     

    Most Germans went first to Great Britain to witness and describe what in comparison to the conditions in the German petty principalities was very progressive in its industrial advancement, free trade, extraordinary wealth-creation, very advanced civil rights and parliamentary democracy and to hold it up as a model to the Germans. Some then added on a trip to Ireland, which after all was a part of the political entity "The United Kingdom", to see, as they thought, more of the same. Instead they came face to face with the most abject poverty any of them had ever experienced, including the professional ethnographer Johann Georg Kohl, who had been all over Europe and as far as Siberia. For the Vormärz authors this raised questions as to why "John Bull's other island", as George Bernhard Shaw would much later call Ireland, was so utterly neglected

     

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    Quelle: CompaRe
    Sprache: Englisch
    Medientyp: Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
    Format: Online
    ISBN: 978-3-89528-728-2
    DDC Klassifikation: Literaturen germanischer Sprachen; Deutsche Literatur (830)
    Sammlung: Aisthesis Verlag
    Schlagworte: Irland <Motiv>; Irische Frage <Motiv>; Reiseliteratur; Vormärz
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  2. Swedish philhellenism and the question of transnational exchange

    Paula Henrikson greift in ihrem Beitrag zum schwedischen Philhellenismus den Bouboulina-Stoff auf und zeichnet darüber hinaus Formen und Wege der Rezeption philhellenischer Gedanken u.a. zwischen Deutschland, Griechenland und Schweden nach. mehr

     

    Paula Henrikson greift in ihrem Beitrag zum schwedischen Philhellenismus den Bouboulina-Stoff auf und zeichnet darüber hinaus Formen und Wege der Rezeption philhellenischer Gedanken u.a. zwischen Deutschland, Griechenland und Schweden nach.

     

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    Quelle: CompaRe
    Sprache: Englisch
    Medientyp: Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
    Format: Online
    ISBN: 978-3-89528-946-0
    DDC Klassifikation: Literaturen germanischer Sprachen; Deutsche Literatur (830)
    Sammlung: Aisthesis Verlag
    Schlagworte: Philhellenismus; Schweden; Mpumpulina, Laskarina
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  3. Transnational zoographies : colonial goods, taxidermy, and other repercussions
    Autor*in: Koch, Arne

    Informed by scholarship on systems of ethnography, on animal studies as well as on German (post)colonialism, this article argues thus principally that Brehm's increasingly popular tales of exotic locales, soon included in high circulation magazines... mehr

     

    Informed by scholarship on systems of ethnography, on animal studies as well as on German (post)colonialism, this article argues thus principally that Brehm's increasingly popular tales of exotic locales, soon included in high circulation magazines such as "Die Gartenlaube", in the end stand out not so much for their cultural engagement and educational-formative representation of human Otherness and difference. Instead, what makes Brehm's works most remarkable is their simultaneous and until now unnoticed popularization of non-human animals - both exotic and domestic - as part of a discursive formation of 'Germanness' and a European self-understanding. This article highlights in this context the extent in which readers find themselves wondering, given the sheer abundance of animal observations alongside a pervasive absence of humans, whether Brehm's travels constitute a failed foray into ethnography; or whether he intentionally shifted the narrative emphasis from humans to animals in order to strategically stage his explorations as a preparatory text for audiences of his later animals tales. What will ultimately be revealed in place of such seeming opposites is how the modes of perception of a German audience for both Brehm's human and animal subjects were affected through his works by almost interchangeable modes of ethnographic and zoographic representation. As a result, Brehm's works raise central questions about the synchronic and diachronic reception of his views on animals as humans and vice versa, all of which culminated in a distinct sense of superiority shared by Brehm and a receptive German audience. What impact this perception may then have had on ensuing German discourses on race, nation, and colonial expansion will be a final consideration of this article as it looks at Brehm's contemporary relevance in widely publicized events in Germany and the United States.

     

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    Quelle: CompaRe
    Sprache: Englisch
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    Format: Online
    ISBN: 978-3-89528-924-8
    DDC Klassifikation: Literaturen germanischer Sprachen; Deutsche Literatur (830)
    Sammlung: Aisthesis Verlag
    Schlagworte: Brehm, Alfred Edmund; Tierleben; Ethnologie; Zoologie; Anthropomorphismus; Das Andere
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  4. The phonetic gender score of German first names and pet names : gendered first names versus de-gendered pet names
    Erschienen: 04.09.2018

    In German, female and male first names are strictly segregated: there are two big inventories with the only purpose to separate women and men. Unisex names are extremely seldom. If they are chosen, they have to be followed by a sex-specific middle... mehr

     

    In German, female and male first names are strictly segregated: there are two big inventories with the only purpose to separate women and men. Unisex names are extremely seldom. If they are chosen, they have to be followed by a sex-specific middle name (e.g. Kim Uwe, Kim Annette). If we look at the phonological components of first names, i.e. at their sounds, we can state that male and female names became more similar over the last decades. Whereas in the 1950's, typical first names such as Katharina and Rolf diverged considering their phonic inventory considerably, today, many girls are named Leah and Lara and many boys Noah and Luca. These names share nearly the same sounds, they consist of two syllables and are stressed on the first one. If we look behind the scenes, it becomes clear that the officially required onomastic separation of the two sexes is undermined. In this paper, I will present a socalled phonetic gender score for German first names for the first time (see also Schmidt-Jüngst in this volume). It allows for measuring a degree of femaleness and maleness of names. In a second step, it will be asked whether unofficial names such as pet names, which are not obliged to mark sex also tend to be gendered or if they disobey the gender barrier. It will be shown that the most intimate names are not interested in stressing the denoted person's sex. In contrast to first names, pet names tend to be maximally de-gendered.

     

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    Quelle: CompaRe
    Sprache: Englisch
    Medientyp: Teil eines Buches (Kapitel)
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Linguistik (410); Literaturen germanischer Sprachen; Deutsche Literatur (830)
    Schlagworte: Rufname; Geschlechterforschung; Soziolinguistik; Namenkunde; Vorname; Phonologie
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  5. From Christel to Christina, from Klaus to Nico : a diachronic study of German first names (1945-2010) and their shift towards the syllable language type
    Erschienen: 04.09.2018

    German underwent a typological change from a syllable language in Old High German towards a word language today (Szczepaniak 2007). Proper names followed this development until the last century (cf. Christel, Gertrud, Klaus, Wolfgang). Some of the... mehr

     

    German underwent a typological change from a syllable language in Old High German towards a word language today (Szczepaniak 2007). Proper names followed this development until the last century (cf. Christel, Gertrud, Klaus, Wolfgang). Some of the most popular German first names from 2010, however, such as Mia, Lea, Leon, Noah, show completely different structures compared to common nouns. In sharp contrast to common nouns, first names dispose of CV-structures, full vowels in unstressed syllables and different accent positions. Thus, there must have been a deep-rooted onomastic change. The most frequent baby names of 1945 were still in harmony with the usual word structures. This article shows that the decrease of transgenerational transmission of first names led to a departure fom native phonological structures. The following factors are analyzed: the number of syllables; accent position; and the number of consonant clusters, hiatuses, schwa and unstressed full vowels. It will be demonstrated that the phonological distance between first names (particularly female names) and common nouns has increased over time and that there is an increasing tendency for names to contain syllable language structures. Thus, a typological difference developed between these two nominal classes. The reason behind this change can be found in the individualizing function of proper names and social individualization over time.

     

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    Quelle: CompaRe
    Sprache: Englisch
    Medientyp: Teil eines Buches (Kapitel)
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Linguistik (410); Literaturen germanischer Sprachen; Deutsche Literatur (830)
    Schlagworte: Vorname; Namengebung; Sprachwandel; Silbe; Phonologie
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