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  1. A literatura moderna como observação de segunda ordem : uma introdução ao pensamento sistêmico de Niklas Luhmann
    Erschienen: 31.12.2012

    This study is an introduction to the systems theory developed by the German sociologist Niklas Luhmann (1927-1998) and its significance for literaty studies. It departs from a historical point of view which understands the period around 1800 as the... mehr

     

    This study is an introduction to the systems theory developed by the German sociologist Niklas Luhmann (1927-1998) and its significance for literaty studies. It departs from a historical point of view which understands the period around 1800 as the climax of the transformation from a stratified European society into a modern society with a social order structured by differentiated systems such as education, economy, law or literature, each with its specific function and characterized by its typical form of communication. In Germany, the literary system reflects this process in the poetology of Romantic writers. Literary communication is defined as a second order observation that oscillates between the real and potential and makes the ordered forms clearer. The autonomous and differentiated literary system becomes a field that is being observed by its environment. The history of literature in the 19th century instrumentalizes it for political goals, while the new copyright laws and the idea of the book as a profitable merchandise imbued the system of literature with accelerated dynamics. Dieser Artikel beschäftigt sich mit der Relevanz der Systemtheorie Niklas Luhmanns (1927-1998) für die Literaturwissenschaften. Ausgangspunkt ist eine historische Analyse, die die Zeit um 1800 als Höhepunkt der Entwicklung von einer stratifizierten hin zu einer modernen Gesellschaftsstruktur begreift, die durch die Ausdifferenzierung von Funktionssystemen wie Wirtschaft, Erziehung, Recht oder Literatur gekennzeichnet ist in Deutschland reflektiert die romantische Poetik diesen Prozess. Literarische Kommunikation wird als Beobachtung zweiter Ordnung aufgefasst, die zwischen dem Aktuellen und Potenziellen oszilliert und so Ordnungsformen deutlich macht. Gleichzeitig wird das autonome und ausdifferenzierte Literatursystem von seiner Umwelt beobachtet. Die Literaturgeschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts instrumentalisiert es für politische Ziele, während das neue Urheberrecht und das Buch als Ware zu einer gesteigerten Dynamik der literarischen Produktion beitragen.

     

    Hinweise zum Inhalt: kostenfrei
    Quelle: CompaRe
    Sprache: Portugiesisch
    Medientyp: Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Lizenz: Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0
  2. Vanguarda e experiência urbana

    This article conceives the avant-garde as a form of art that emerges out of the experience with technical progress, city life and new patterns of perception and that succeeded in transforming multiple perspective and simultaneity of urban life into a... mehr

     

    This article conceives the avant-garde as a form of art that emerges out of the experience with technical progress, city life and new patterns of perception and that succeeded in transforming multiple perspective and simultaneity of urban life into a central principle for their production. Analyzed are the European avant-gardes as well as their influences on Brazilian literature and painting in the 20s. Furthermore we take a look at concrete poetry of the 50's as a literary pendant to architectonic concepts of cities like São Paulo and Brasília. Dieser Artikel beschäftigt sich mit der Avantgarde als Kunstform, die sich aus der Auseinandersetzung mit technischem Fortschritt, Stadterfahrung und neuen Wahrnehmungsmustern formiert und die Multiperspektivität und Simultanität des urbanen Lebens als ein zentrales Prinzip für ihre Werke nutzt. Untersucht werden sowohl die europäischen Avantgardisten wie auch ihr Einfluss auf Literatur und Malerei Brasiliens in den 20er Jahren. Ein weiterer Teil widmet sich der konkreten Poesie als literarisches Pendant zu architektonischen Konzepten von Städten wie São Paulo und Brasília.

     

    Hinweise zum Inhalt: kostenfrei
    Quelle: CompaRe
    Sprache: Portugiesisch
    Medientyp: Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Lizenz: Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0
  3. Kant: autonomia ou estética compromissada?

    This article analyses the influence of Kant on conceptions and definitions of modern literature and art in publications by Lyotard, Kothe, Weber and Luhmann. It is argued that central issues in these publications, such as artistic autonomy, the... mehr

     

    This article analyses the influence of Kant on conceptions and definitions of modern literature and art in publications by Lyotard, Kothe, Weber and Luhmann. It is argued that central issues in these publications, such as artistic autonomy, the sublime and the concept of L’art pour l’art, are adopted directly from Kant’s philosophical work and still serve as paradigms in the discussion of origin and status of modern social structure and its art production. Der Artikel beschäftigt sich mit dem Einfluss von Kant auf Konzepte der modernen Kunst, wie sie etwa in Arbeiten von Lyotard, Kothe, Weber oder Luhmann formuliert werden. Zentrale Punkte sind die Begriffe der Autonomie, des Erhabenen sowie L’art pour l’art als Paradigmen innerhalb der Diskussion über Beginn und Entwicklung der künstlerischen und sozialen Moderne.

     

    Hinweise zum Inhalt: kostenfrei
    Quelle: CompaRe
    Sprache: Portugiesisch
    Medientyp: Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800); Literaturtheorie (801)
    Lizenz: Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0
  4. A literatura e o cinema como novo medium artístico : Hanns Heinz Ewers e "O estudante de Praga" (1913)

    "The Student from Prague" (1913) is considered to be the first film d’art produced in Germany. The film is based on a script by Hanns Heinz Ewers, writer and ardent advocate of this new medium. With roots in German romanticism, particularly in regard... mehr

     

    "The Student from Prague" (1913) is considered to be the first film d’art produced in Germany. The film is based on a script by Hanns Heinz Ewers, writer and ardent advocate of this new medium. With roots in German romanticism, particularly in regard to motifs in the works by E.T.A. Hoffmann and Adelbert von Chamisso, "The Student from Prague" explored the optical possibilities offered by the doppelganger character. This literary framework supports the plot, gives credibility to the movie and contributes to the acceptance of films as an art medium. It also marks the rise of German cinema on an international level, which reached its peak in the 1920s with the movement known as 'German expressionism'. "O estudante de Praga" (1913) é considerado o primeiro filme de arte produzido na Alemanha. Baseado num roteiro de Hanns Heinz Ewers, escritor e defensor destacado do novo medium fílmico, o filme remonta a motivos da tradição literária do romantismo alemão, sobretudo em relação às obras de E.T.A. Hoffmann e Adelbert von Chamisso e à figura do doppelgänger. Todo esse arcabouço literário não só dava sustentação à trama como também credibilidade ao filme, contribuindo, junto com a exploração dos recursos técnicos de câmera, para a aceitação definitiva do filme como medium de arte, bem como para o início do sucesso do cinema alemão, que atingiria seu apogeu nos anos 1920, com o movimento conhecido como 'expressionismo alemão'.

     

    Hinweise zum Inhalt: kostenfrei
    Quelle: CompaRe
    Sprache: Portugiesisch
    Medientyp: Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Literaturen germanischer Sprachen; Deutsche Literatur (830)
    Lizenz: Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0
  5. On Brazilian cinema : a portrait of director and producer Walter Salles

    Walter Salles is probably the most widely known Brazilian director and producer. This article offers a portrait of his work over the last two decades as part of the cinematic and cultural changes that took place in Brazil. It starts with a historical... mehr

     

    Walter Salles is probably the most widely known Brazilian director and producer. This article offers a portrait of his work over the last two decades as part of the cinematic and cultural changes that took place in Brazil. It starts with a historical overview of Brazilian film history and will then take a closer look at the films directed by Salles and his activities as producer. By looking at the evolution of the Brazilian film industry in the last ten to fifteen years in terms of market structures as well as aesthetic qualities, two major references become apparent: the more (but not only) commercial oriented productions of Globo Filmes, which often meet public taste and rely on a well-proven television language; second, the movies of Walter Salles as well as the films produced by Videofilmes, a company run and founded in 1987 by him and his brother, the documentarist João Moreira Salles. Videofilmes not only fosters many of the somewhat marginal, smaller film projects, but also serves as support for more artistically orientated movies.

     

    Hinweise zum Inhalt: kostenfrei
    Quelle: CompaRe
    Sprache: Englisch
    Medientyp: Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Öffentliche Darbietungen, Film, Rundfunk (791)
    Lizenz: Veröffentlichungsvertrag für Publikationen